Archive for the 'Stock Exchanges' Category

Nairobi opens second derivatives market in sub-Saharan Africa

Nairobi Securities Exchange stockbrokers (photo credit: Nation Media Group)

The Nairobi Securities Exchange says the first trades on its new derivatives market NEXT went smoothly on 4 July, according to media reports. The NEXT market is set up to trade equity index futures and single stock futures. Initially trading is offered in 5 single stock futures and futures on the NSE 25 Index.

The NSE is the second exchange in sub-Saharan Africa after Johannesburg to launch derivatives trading. According to a Business Daily news report, this week’s launch is a soft launch restricted to a few investors, and the market will open to all investors after a week of trials.

Xinhua news agency reports a statement from NSE: “The NSE NEXT derivatives market has successfully conducted its first futures trades. The initial trades were executed by Standard Investment Bank and Kingdom Securities who cleared through the Co-operative Bank of Kenya.”

The market is mostly for individual and institutional investors looking to better manage risks, hedge, arbitrage and speculate over the future value of the participating stocks and the index.

Regulator approves

The Capital Markets Authority (CMA) regulator gave approval to the NSE to launch and operate the “Derivatives Exchange Market” in an announcement on 29 May. This paved the way for Thursday’s launch.

Paul Muthaura, CMA Chief Executive, stated: “‘The approval granted to the NSE to operationalize a derivatives market marks the achievement of a flagship project under the economic pillar of Kenya’s Vision 2030. The derivatives market will facilitate deeper and more liquid capital markets and position Kenya closer to becoming the heart of capital markets investment in Africa, as envisioned in the Capital Markets Master Plan”.

Other financial and commodity derivatives will be introduced later.

The launch follows a successful 6-month derivatives pilot test phase in July-Dec 2018, and resolution of key issues that arose. Stanbic Bank and the Co-operative Bank of Kenya have been approved by the banking regulator Central Bank of Kenya to provide clearing and settlement for the derivatives market.

NSE has been working with CMA and other stakeholders for years to prepare for the launch, as reported in this blog in December 2014.

What can you trade?

Investors are initially offered single stock futures targeting 5 liquid stocks: Safaricom, East African Breweries, Equity Holdings, Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB) and BAT. They can also trade equity index futures based on the NSE 25 share index, that represents the performance of 25 blue-chip listed firms. The index was launched by the bourse in October 2015 as part of preparations for the NEXT derivatives market.

Initially 7 stocks were targeted but the NSE requires that they have a minimum KES 50 billion ($487 million) market capitalization and minimum average daily turnover of KES7m.

According to a report on 4 July in Business Daily, state-run Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) with a market cap on 3 July of KES 39bn and Bamburi Cement (KES 41bn on Wednesday) have been excluded from futures trading after failing the minimum capitalization test.

The newspaper reports NSE chief executive Geoffrey Odundo’s statement: “All futures contracts listed on NEXT will have quarterly expiry dates; this will be the third Thursday of March, June, September and December of every year. All NEXT futures contracts will initially be cash settled.”

Trading fees have been pegged at 0.17% of the total value for single stock futures and 0.14% for index derivatives, compared to trading fees on equities ranging from 1% to 2%. According to an earlier Xinhua report, Rufus Kariuki, manager of derivatives at NSE, said that the derivatives will be settled at the end of each trading day to reduce risk of default by investors.

One contract will be equivalent to 1,000 underlying shares for stocks trading below KES 100 (Safaricom, KCB, Equity and KenGen), while for those trading above KES 100 (BAT, EABL and Bamburi), a contract will equal 100 underlying shares. One index point will equal KES 100 under NSE trading rules for derivatives.

The NSE has set aside KES 130m ($1.27m) for the settlement guarantee fund that will insure investors against counterparty default risk as part of preparations to operationalize the derivatives market.

The NSE expects derivatives trading will boost liquidity. There are 65 listed firms. Telecoms companies and banks are among the most heavily traded.

Africa issuers raised $341m in 6 months, down 28%

Enterprises based in Africa raised $341 million through equity issues in the first half of 2019, down 28% on the $472m raised in the first half of 2018. Law firm Baker McKenzie has published its Cross-Border IPO Index for H1 2019, using data sourced from Refinitiv, and says this was mainly because only $85m was raised from 4 initial public offers (IPOs) on African exchanges, down 80% from $419m from 4 IPOs in the first half of 2018.

The numbers exclude mega issues by Africa-focused issuers based outside Africa. These include $750m raised on 28 June by the IPO for UK-headquartered Airtel Africa (read about the slow first day) which operates in 14 countries; and $196m raised by pan-Africa e-commerce Jumia Group (headquartered in Germany) on the New York Stock Exchange in April, see our article about the share price performance since then. Jumia sells in 13 African countries and is top e-commerce website with over 15m monthly visitors in Nigeria.

Wildu du Plessis, Head of Capital Markets at Baker McKenzie in Johannesburg, says in a press release: “The drop in African IPO values in H1 2019 was mostly because of political and economic uncertainty on the continent. Investors wanting to raise capital in Africa are thinking twice and waiting for political and economic stability to return before going ahead. Also eroding investor confidence in Africa are the escalating global trade tensions, which have culminated in, for example, the so-called United States (US) China trade wars and the possibility of a “no deal Brexit” – both have the potential to impact African economies significantly.”

Egypt buzzing

Listing bell and trading floor of the Egyptian Exchange

Baker McKenzie says Egypt is generating buzz around its pipeline of IPOs with some speculating this could be the busiest year for listings in Cairo since the uprising in 2011. Growing confidence in economic policies introduced since the currency float has boosted the Egyptian Exchange (EGX) and is prompting companies to consider share sales.

In April Khalid Abel Rahman, Assistant Minister of Finance for Capital Market Affairs, said the Government was embarking on an IPO programme is to raise EGP100bn ($5.8bn). Mohamed Farid, Chairman of the Egyptian Exchange, said that three private companies expect to launch initial public offerings (IPOs) before the end of 2019,

Baker McKenzie says a large IPO is Carbon Holdings Ltd, expected to raise $250m by selling a 30% stake and listing in London and Egypt. The company has missed the Q2 timetable mentioned by Karim Helal, Managing Director of Corporate Finance and Investor Relations, in this article last September. EFG Hermes is acting as advisor and global coordinator for the IPO, Baker & McKenzie is local legal counsel, and White & Case is international counsel.

Another large IPO is expected from Banque du Caire SAE, owned by Egypt’s second-largest state-owned bank Banque Misr. The bank has announced it will offer a 20%-30% of its shares for sale through private placement and public offering. The offer is expected to raise $300m-$400m and is forecast to happen in Q3 or Q4.

Hard work in South Africa

Du Plessis warns that governance concerns held back capital raising in South Africa: “Capital raising has decreased substantially in recent years, also due to economic and political uncertainty. Political stability will hopefully begin to return now that country’s elections are over, but there is still a lot of work to do to stabilise the economy. The World Bank recently downgraded South Africa’s growth rates and I think there is at least another year of hard work before the economy starts to recuperate and capital markets in South Africa recover,” Du Plessis says.

Life returns in Nigeria

Du Plessis adds: “There are also signs of life returning to Nigeria’s capital markets. Political instability was also to blame for a big collapse in capital raising in Nigeria in recent years, but the country looks to be recovering”. Baker McKenzie’s recent Global Transactions Forecast predicts more IPOs in Nigeria in the next 3 years. “Hopefully this is the start of a long upswing in capital raising activity in the country,” says Du Plessis.

Not specifically mentioned was the $5.1bn listing of MTN Nigeria on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (see article), which is expected to be followed by a public offering of shares soon.

By sector (details from Baker McKenzie, Enko Capital and other sources)

Energy and power: South African company Renergen Ltd, which produces natural gas and helium, in an IPO in Australia offered 12.5m shares at AUD0.80 to raise AUD10m ($7m) for its Virginia Gas Project in South Africa. Financial: Banking group Oragroup listed on the Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières (BRVM) in April after a successful IPO in Oct-Nov 2018, selling 20% of the shares to raise XOF56.92bn ($101.2m) in the largest share offer on the BRVM.
Technology: It was reported by Enko that telco Mascom could do an IPO in Botswana later this year and Econet’s Strive Masiyiwa says it will be in October and will be the biggest listing on the Botswana Stock Exchange, according to this report. Namibia’s MTC (Mobile Telecommunications Corporation) has announced plans for an IPO in Mar-June 2020.
Real estate: ICON Properties PLC’s IPO last December in Malawi raised $19.3m, and the shares were listed on the Malawi Stock Exchange in January.
Industrial: Skyway Aviation Handling Co (SAHCOL) in Nigeria launched an IPO in November 2018 but only raised NGN1.2bn ($3.4m) compared to a target of NGN1.9bn ($5.2m) despite extending the offer until January. It listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange on 24 April.
Healthcare: Speed Medical SAE raised EGP21.5m ($1.3m), less than half its target in a domestic IPO before listing on the Egyptian Exchange in April. Consumer: Eastern Tobacco, listed on the EGX, announced in March that it had raised EGP1.7bn ($104m) through offering 4.5% of its shares in public and private offers.

Global Outlook

The Africa picture mirrors a global 37% fall in capital raised through IPOs in global markets, compared to the first 6 months of 2018. According to Baker McKenzie, a total of $69.8bn was raised across 514 IPOs, which is the lowest for value and volume since 2016. The US Federal government shutdown, continuing trade tensions between the US and Beijing, the ongoing Brexit saga and the decline of mega IPOs all contributed to a slower market performance. “With fewer IPOs in the market, competition amongst exchanges is growing, as some listing locations make strategic changes to entice public offerings. The introduction of China’s Science and Technology Innovation Board looks set to shake up the market and challenge New York and Hong Kong for tech listings. “

Koen Vanhaerents, Baker McKenzie’s Head of Global Capital Markets, says: “.. significant political issues stifled activity, along with a change in investor sentiment towards risk – particularly among pre-revenue companies.” The decline “is perhaps skewed slightly when compared to the stellar performance seen in the same period in 2018. With a strong pipeline, H2 2019 looks set to deliver a much more prosperous performance overall.”

EMEA outlook

The EMEA IPO market struggled during the first 6 months of 2019 due to uncertainties surrounding the UK’s exit from the European Union. Overall capital raised fell by 67% compared to the same period in 2018 to $9.2bn while the number of IPOs fell by 61% to 47. Cross-border activity was even more profoundly impacted with only three listings in EMEA and only one of those on the London Stock Exchange. Domestic activity levels helped the London Stock Exchange to retain the top spot for overall capital raising at $2.7bn from 12 listings. Seven of these listings were from the financials sector and raised almost $2bn, the largest of which was Network International’s $1.4bn IPO.

Second to London was Borsa Italiana with $2.3bn from 7 listings, boosted by the $2.2bn Nexi SpA listing. SIX Swiss exchange pulled in $1.9bn from 2 IPOs, with Stadler Rail’s debut accounting for $1.3bn of that.

Despite its sluggish performance, EMEA is proving to be the region of choice for FinTech listings, particularly in the payments field, as the age of digitization and cashless transactions continues to explode, fueling the need for innovation and technological growth. FinTech listings accounted for more than a third of capital raised and the largest listing was Nexi SpA’s IPO.

Weak reception for Airtel Africa $750m IPO

Share price chart from ADVFN ( https://uk.advfn.com/stock-market/london/airtel-africa-AAF/share-chart )

Shares in Africa’s second biggest telecom company had a disappointing start in conditional trading on the London Stock Exchange today. The initial public offer had been priced at the bottom of the 80p-100p range, and in exchange trading it quickly plummeted 16% from 80p and by 4pm the shares had retreated to around 67p.

Today the trading was conditional, only for holders allocated shares in the global IPO. The shares are set to start trading unconditionally on the LSE from 3 July and Airtel Africa will be dual-listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange from 5 July.

The offer of 744.0m shares had raised approximately £595 million ($750m), including 39.2m shares offered to Nigerian institutional and high net worth investors for a total Nigerian offer of some $39.4m.

According to this morning’s stock exchange news service RNS announcement : “The offer was oversubscribed with strong interest from a variety of reputed global investors across the United Kingdom, United States, Africa, Europe, Middle East and Asia. Dominant allocation to Global long only, strategic and pre-IPO investors.”

There is an over-allotment option of 67.6 new shares which, if exercised in full, would account for approximately £54m of the offer. Including the overallotment option, the market capitalization at this afternoon’s price is some £2.6bn ($3.2bn), down from the offer valuation of £3.1bn.

After the IPO the free float was 19% but after including pre-IPO investors holdings the free float will be over 25% and it aims to be included in FTSE UK indices.

According to the RNS announcement, Raghunath Mandava, CEO of Airtel Africa, said: “We are delighted by the strong response we have received.. This is a proud moment for the team that has built Airtel Africa into the second largest mobile operator in Africa. We are now the first telecom company to simultaneously list on the Premium segment of the London Stock Exchange and Nigerian Stock Exchange through an IPO.”

According to our article in January and this month in here and today’s article in the Financial Times a consortium of investors including SoftBank Group, Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund Temasek, Singapore Telecommunications and private equity firm Warburg Pincus invested $1.25bn at a valuation of around $4.4bn last October. In January this year Qatar Investment Authority invested $200m at a valuation closer to $5bn.

At that stage it was anticipated that the London and Nigeria IPOs would raise $1.25bn.

The IPO was advised by 8 global banks: JP Morgan, Citigroup, BofA Merrill Lynch, Absa Group Limited, Barclays Bank PLC, BNP Paribas, Goldman Sachs International and Standard Bank.

Indian parent Bharti Airtel aims to use the funds to slash debt and free cash to combat rival Reliance Jio Infocomm in India.

Airtel Africa is the holding company for Bharti Airtel’s operations in 14 countries, including Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria and Ghana. It is Africa’s second largest telco with over 94m customers, and ranked in the top 2 carriers in most of the countries where it operates, offering 2G, 3G and 4G services, plus mobile commerce through Airtel Money.

Performance had improved after years of losses against financially stronger telco players in Africa, including Vodacom. Rising mobile data consumption had helped it reach a first full year of profit and the figures for the year to 31 March were revenue of more than $3bn and operating profit of $734m.

Airtel Tanzania HQ (photo by Prof.Chen Hualin creative commons by Wikipedia)

Work starts on African exchanges linkage project

Africa’s stock exchanges, regulators, central banks, stockbrokers and clearing systems are working together on the African Exchanges Linkage Project (AELP), set to create trading and information links between the 7 leading securities exchanges.

Participating exchanges at the first capital markets stakeholders’ roundtable were the West African regional exchange Bourse Regionale Valeures Mobilieres (BRVM), Casablanca Stock Exchange, The Egyptian Exchange, Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Nairobi Securities Exchange, The Nigerian Stock Exchange and the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.

The linkage project is a joint initiative by African Development Bank and African Securities Exchanges Association. It aims to facilitate cross-border trading and settlement of securities, unlock pan-African investment flows, promote innovations and diverse investments, and address lack of depth and liquidity in Africa’s financial markets. For more background, see our recent article.

The project is backed by $980,000 grant through the African Development Bank Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation Trust Fund (KOAFEC).

Karim Hajji, ASEA President and chief executive of the Casablanca Stock Exchange, said according to the press release: “Regional integration is a high-priority continental agenda. By organically linking 7 exchanges in Africa which collectively have a market capitalization of over US$1.4 trillion, the AELP will stimulate intra-African flows and provide opportunities for investors and trading participants in over fourteen African countries.

“With the expected outcome of boosting liquidity in African capital markets, the AELP will unlock the powerful potential of African markets to access and redistribute domestic capital for economic development.”

Pierre Guislain, African Development Bank’s Vice-President, Private Sector, Infrastructure and Industrialization, said: “The partnership between us and ASEA complements the Bank’s interventions towards deep and resilient capital markets in Africa. The African Exchanges Linkage Project will contribute to a wider financing pool for African corporates and SMEs and help close Africa’s infrastructure deficit, estimated at US$67–107 billion annually. Indeed, the continent needs deep, liquid and linked capital markets that will enable accelerated mobilization of domestic resources and incentivize private financing of infrastructure”.

Participating partners at the workshop on 24 April at African Development Bank’s headquarters included:
• Regulators Le Conseil Régional de l’Epargne Publique et des Marchés Financiers, Autorité Marocaine du Marché des Capitaux, Securities and Exchanges Commission of Nigeria, and the Capital Markets Authority of Kenya.
• Central bank – Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest,
• Stockbrokers and exchanges associations – Association Professionnelle des Sociétés de Bourse, Association of Stockbroking Houses of Nigeria, Kenya Association of Stockbrokers and Investment Bankers
• Clearing systems – Association Professionnelle des Banques Teneurs de Compte Conservateurs, Maroclear, Central Securities Clearing System – Nigeria, Central Depository and Settlement Corporation Ltd. – Kenya
• Investment banking – Afrinvest West Africa.

Pierre Guislain of African Development Bank and Karim Hajji of African Securities Exchanges Association and Casablanca Stock Exchange

Africa’s jumbo stock exchanges to link in 2019?

An ambitious project to link Africa’s 7 biggest securities exchanges is moving to implementation with a call this month for a project manager for the coming year. The African Exchanges Linkage Project (AELP) aims to transform the number of trades on exchanges and investment flows across Africa by creating a platform so an investor in once country can buy or sell shares listed on an exchange in another country.

It’s a leading initiative of the African Securities Exchanges Association (ASEA) and the African Development Bank, and will feature a central linked trading platform linked to the different exchange trading systems. The roll-out was boosted last November 2018 by a grant of $980,000 through the African Development Bank Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation Trust Fund (KOAFEC).

At November 2018, the participating exchanges were listed as Johannesburg, Nigeria, Nairobi, Casablanca, Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières SA (BRVM) and the Stock Exchange of Mauritius, this year the Egyptian Exchange has been added. The initial 7 exchanges represent at least 85% of the market value of listed securities (market capitalization) across Africa. More exchanges are to join after the pilot phase.

The central platform will enable free flow of trading information between the linked exchanges, and stockbrokers will be able to access the trading platform and place orders on the member exchanges through “sponsored access”, working through a locally registered stockbroker. It will use order-routing technology to channel orders through brokers into exchange trading systems.

Oscar Onyema and Karim Hajji, previous and present Presidents of African Securities Exchanges Association

Karim Hajji, CEO of the Casablanca Stock Exchange and President of ASEA, says: “We look forward to working with AfDB more closely and fostering a more connected African capital market,” according to a Nigerian online report.

Oscar Onyema, CEO of the Nigerian Stock Exchange and former president of ASEA, told stockbrokers at a workshop last November: “The AELP will start off with the 6 markets participating in the pilot with the goal of onboarding other markets in Africa who meet the minimum requirements. The countries participating in the AELP pilot phase are strategically spread across the continent as this will become instrumental in the scaling up of the project.

“The model for the linkage will be ‘sponsored access’, meaning that the cross-border trades will be required to pass through the risk-management system of the sponsoring broker before flowing to the exchange. We believe that this model will minimize the disruption to the local market and provide confidence for all stakeholders.

“Thus we anticipate that the initiative will be welcome by all stakeholders and will support ASEA’s goal of boosting intra-Africa capital-market trading activity. ”

According to a document from ASEA: “The AELP is aimed at addressing the lack of liquidity and promoting information-sharing in the African capital markets. It is envisaged that the linkage project would allow cross-border visibility and open up markets for investors to trade in any of the linked markets.”

Anticipated benefits include: more liquidity, measured by the number of deals and the value traded; better market openness; increased participation by foreign investors; more participation by African investment institutions such as the fast-growing pension funds across the continent; African businesses and other issuers being able to raise capital and floating shares across the continent; creating a bigger financial market; convergence towards international standards; and building capacity and sharing information.

In preparation for the project stockbrokers were asked to talk to clients to gauge potential interest in buying and selling securities on different exchanges, and to give their inputs into the design and rollout.

A2X exchange scores dual listing #17

Tharisa plc became the 17th company to list on South Africa’s A2X exchange in February.

Kevin Brady, CEO of A2X, said in a press release: “Tharisa is the second company from the general mining sector to list on A2X”.

It is a secondary listing for the integrated platinum group metals and chrome producer. It has a market capitalization of R4.5 billion ($312 million), which has its primary listing on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) and also listed on London Stock Exchange.

Phoevos Pouroulis, CEO of Tharisa, said: “The secondary listing on A2X is an opportunity to improve liquidity and attract new investors through the lower trading costs offered by the A2X trading platform. There are no additional regulatory requirements or ongoing obligations. Listing on A2X will complement Tharisa’s existing listings on the JSE and LSE by providing investors with a choice of exchanges on which to transact.”

The A2X began trading in October 2017 and has 9 approved stockbrokers. Combined market capitalization on the A2X was over R2 trillion last month, with listings from mining, banking, property, fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), financial services, media and telecommunications. The 17 dual-listed firms include leading stocks in the South African market including Naspers, Sanlam and Standard Bank.

It is a licensed stock exchange which provides a secondary listing venue and is regulated by the Financial Sector Conduct Authority and the Prudential Authority (SARB) in terms of the Financial Markets Act.

A recent article on Bloomberg claims that A2X is the most serious of South Africa’s challenger securities exchanges, taking on the 132-year old JSE which is one of the top 20 world exchanges and aiming to be the leading emerging market exchange.

According to Bloomberg news agency , Aarti Takoordeen, CFO of JSE, said in an interview: “About 60% of our revenue comes from the cash-equity market and we are keeping a close eye on specifically one of the competitors playing in that space.”

Although JSE trading prices are marginally higher than those at the rivals, according to Takoordeen: ““It’s not all about price though,” she said. “The JSE is able to provide massive liquidity for trades, we have multiple order types, and we are constantly upgrading our technology, not to mention the know-how that we offer to clients.”

International – new IPSX exchange opens property as global asset class

A new asset class has opened for investors as the International Property Securities Exchange in London prepares for its first initial public offer (IPO) in coming weeks. The IPSX Group is also planning exchanges in Germany, North America and Asia.

The first IPO is still planned for the end of Q1, depending on market conditions, after UK regulator Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) on 9 January issued a Recognition Order in relation to wholly-owned subsidiary IPSX UK Limited to operate a Recognised Investment Exchange (RIE) in the UK.

This is the highest level of authorization and means IPSX joins London Stock Exchange Group, Euronext, Intercontinental Exchange, CME Group, CBOE Global Markets and Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing in operating an RIE.

City of London (with my former flat almost in view across river!), photo: Sky News

The new exchange will enable investors to invest in part of a building, and will free up groups with large headquarters or other assets to realize some of that equity. According to Anthony Hilton writing in Evening Standard: “It would allow people who own property, and particularly those who saw it as ancillary to their main business, to extract some of its value by floating its shares on the exchange”.

A company owning a single building would be able to float on the market, giving investors direct sight of the underlying assets. Building owners would no longer need to sell 100% of a building, they could sell a proportion, say 25%, and then buy it back later. The bourse also has eligibility requirements on portfolio commonality to allow “multiple asset issuers” onto the regulated market.

Hilton writes: “A company like pharmaceuticals giant GlaxoSmithKline, which has huge property assets to the west of London, could get some of the value by listing its shares and using the cash to help with its drug development.

“Similarly, the Football Association might float Wembley rather than try to sell it, as it apparently wants to, and use the proceeds for grass-roots football.”

According to a press release, IPSX Group Limited is a market infrastructure and data products business established in 2014 and dedicated to real assets – initially real estate. A strong group of investors include British Land, M7 Real Estate, Henley Investments, Daily Mail & General Trust and top business figures are on the board.

Another press release says: “Issuers on IPSX will be companies owning single real estate assets. For the first time, investors will have a choice as to where they invest and have direct sight of the specific underlying property asset that their investment relates to, with clarity over the revenues and costs associated with it, typically also benefiting from the tax efficiency conferred by REIT status.”

IPSX founder Anthony Gahan says: “From now on every type of investor can access the returns from institutional investment grade real estate by buying and selling shares in issues through IPSX. Imagine the man in the street buying shares in the company owning the building he works in, or even the Premiership football stadium where he watches his favourite team play.”

Gahan is quoted in CityAM newspaper: “We see it as the democratisation of the property market.”

Currently investment into large real estate deals is dominated by big funds and institutions, with smaller institutions and family offices going after the medium and small deals. Individuals can buy shares through property companies and real-estate investment trusts (REITs), which decide the mix of assets and when to buy or sell.

According to Hilton, the liquidity offered by the exchange may also encourage open-ended property funds. Previously investors into funds would have to wait to get their money out and the fund might have to take months selling properties in an illiquid market to get cash out at reduced values. That happened after the 2016 UK Brexit referendum to leave Europe, when there were a queue of redemptions and property companies dropped in price.

According to Hilton, the liquidity and clearer regulation of an exchange will change this: “Institutional investors focus on equities, bonds and real estate. But real estate has always been different because investors are in the hands of chartered surveyors who were the ones who ruled on value.

“In good times that could be more than expected; in bad times it could be worse because liquidity often dwindles just when it is needed. So property assets always have that degree of uncertainty. That too should change. Shares in the IPSX will enhance liquidity, and property in time could emerge as an equal, rather than a nice-to-have, asset.”

There is a pipeline worth billions, as owners of City of London and West End blocks could list on IPSX. Commercial real estate as a global asset class is estimated to be worth $30 trillion.

Tax authority HMRC is likely to recognize the exchange as admission/trading venue for REIT tax status.

The IPSX network infrastructure is being developed by Cisilion and IPSX is outsourcing operation of the trading platform to Cinnober and has its data repository and workflow management platform at Goldensource.

According to the press releases: “Importantly, for all, IPSX connects sellers with a new, deep, international investor universe at a time when some real estate assets are so valuable that few institutions are able to buy alone and private sale processes result in only one bidder submitting an offer to buy the asset… IPSX proposes to add further exchange-based products to its offering including a professional market for closely held REITs together with new real estate indices and data products.”

“Anthony Gahan added: ‘This is game-changing news for asset owners and global investors, many of whom have helped to actively shape the IPSX proposition.’”

Africans inspiring London Stock Exchange

Opening bell ceremony at London Stock Exchange for Companies to Inspire Africa 2019, credit LSEG

The London Stock Exchange Group launched the 2nd edition of its Companies to Inspire Africa Report, on Wed 16 Jan, identifying dynamic growth businesses in Africa to build an information database and showcase them to a global audience. Many speakers expressed sympathies after a terror attack in Nairobi on 15 Jan.

International Development Secretary, Penny Mordaunt MP, said the positive African launch was uplifting after the previous night’s “depressing” vote in Parliament: “Five of the world’s fastest-growing economies are African and by 2050 a quarter of the world’s population will live there. This growth presents unique opportunities for us all (see speech here)

“The Companies to Inspire Africa report highlights the leading private companies operating in Africa, which have the most inspiring stories and the strongest growth potential. By combining African-led ambition with British expertise we can unlock investment and create more jobs for Africa and the UK. This is a win for Africa and a win for the UK.”

David Schwimmer, CEO of LSEG, said: “These high-growth companies have the potential to transform the African economy and become tomorrow’s job creators. At LSEG, we are committed to helping companies realise that potential and we are pleased to highlight and celebrate the company success stories behind one of the world’s fastest growing markets.”

He highlighted LSE’s role as a huge centre for African businesses and governments to raise capital. Successes include hosting bond issuances for Nigeria, Egypt, Angola and Ghana, and in November 2018 Quantum Terminals (liquid gas storage, cleaner fuel for households) from Ghana succeeded in the first local-currency bond to list in London.

He also mentioned the ELITE programme, an international network for growth and funding options,   which has enrolled over 90 companies with 20,000 employees in 8 African countries. The programme was launched in 2016 with the Casablanca Stock Exchange and has expanded across West Africa with support from CSE and the Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières (BRVM).

About the report

The report is a 144-page book with great infographics and photos, put together by LSEG and Wardour.

It includes inputs by President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and Prime Minister Theresa May of UK, plus many other key leaders working in Africa. It highlights a good number of exciting companies across Africa including innovative farming and even drones for agriculture, top consumer goods services and the size of the growing consumer goods market, many dynamic companies with women leaders, fintech, better banking and other financial services, healthcare, education, industry, renewable energy and technology and telecoms.

Partners to the report who helped with the selection and research are Asoko Insight and PwC. It was sponsored by African Development Bank, CDC Group, Instinctif Partners and Stephenson Harwood.

The 360 companies were selected from 4,000 nominations by LSEG’s partners, development finance institutions, venture capitalists, private equity firms, impact investors. Research partner Asoko Insight nominated some and helped with data collection and company information, according to CEO Rob Withagen. To be included a company had to be active and privately owned, with headquarters and primary operations in Africa. It must have demonstrated growth over last 3 years measured in: revenues, number of employees, operational output or geographical expansion. It needed to be audited by a recognized auditor and individual company or consolidated group annual revenue must not exceed $1bn for the years 2015-2017. It includes 97 Nigerian companies, 66 from Kenya, 31 Ugandan and 23 South African

The report is also launching in Lagos.

A comprehensive searchable database of the report, along with a downloadable PDF of the publication is available at www.lseg.com/inspireafrica.

London Stock Exchange Group has a long history of supporting the development of African capital markets and investment in African companies. To learn more, click here.

Companies to Inspire Africa 2019 report in numbers:

The report identifies 360 companies from 32 countries representing 7 major sectors. It highlights the entrepreneurial and dynamic landscape of the African private sector. Companies featured include small entrepreneurial businesses through to well-established corporations. A searchable database of the report and a downloadable PDF of the publication are available at www.lseg.com/inspireafrica. The first edition of the report was published in 2017.

•             Average revenue Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is 46% (up from 16% in 2017 report) and average employee CAGR at 25%, over three years, in 2019 report

•             23% of the companies are led by women, almost double the proportion in the 2017 report: Standout sectors where senior female executives are having a big impact are: healthcare & education, and financial services. Ten out of the 20 Ghanaian companies featured are led by women.

•             The fastest growing sectors are financial services (revenue growth rate 70%) and renewable energy (revenue growth rate 66%)

•             Consumer services is the most represented sector with 79 companies from 20 countries this year, reflecting the growth of sub-sectors such as consumer goods, food & beverages, leisure & tourism, media and retail, and the growing middle class in Africa

•             Agriculture remains an important sector for the continent with 53 companies, almost 15% of companies in report

•             Most companies per country are: #1Nigeria (97 companies) and #2 Kenya (66). Nigeria was already most companies in 2017, but strong representation from the industry and technology & telecom sectors

•             The companies in this year’s report are creating significant employment opportunities across Africa with each company employing an average of 363 people.

Blockchain, crypto and the changes to stock exchanges in coming 2 years

Hirander Misra of GMEX, speaking at panel organized by lawyers Mackrell Turner Garrett on cryptocurrencies in London on 14 Nov, says: “We get 10 inquiries a week to set up a platform. The bar for setting up a blockchain or crypto exchange is moving much higher. In Mauritius and Abu Dhabi the bar is almost as high as for setting up a normal exchange.

“Digital currency is here to stay, in time some sovereign states will adopt it. In Venezuela, where currency collapsed, people have used bitcoin to get currency out, in Harare people have adopted it. Fidelity and others have started to dip their toes in the water.

“Independent crypto exchanges are opaque, it can be very expensive to get assets in and out. In the last 6-12 months, some of the big custodians have been getting involved, the large banks are going into custody, adopting own products, vaults, etc.

“We talk about ‘decentralized’ but everyone is protecting their own turf, we will end up in worse mess. It can be spaghetti.

“Securities exchanges are very much like they were 25 years ago, standalone, at the time when electronic trading came in. Unless you change you won’t be relevant. There will be change in the next 2 years.

“We still need for regulation and intermediaries, people still want institutions to be accountable. A lot of what we have done in last 30 years is still relevant, our challenge is to make it more efficient.”

GMEX
GMEX Group (GMEX) comprises a set of companies that offer leading-edge innovative solutions for a new era of global financial markets, providing business expertise, the latest technology, connectivity, and operational excellence delivered through an aligned partnership driven approach. GMEX uses extensive market infrastructure experience and expertise to create an appropriate strategic master plan with exchanges, clearing houses, depositories, registries, and warehouse receipt platforms. GMEX also offers the added benefit of interconnection to multiple partner exchanges, to create global networks of liquidity. GMEX Technologies is a wholly owned subsidiary of GMEX Group.