Archive for the 'IPO' Category
April 18th, 2013 by Tom Minney
The regional forum, the East African Securities Regulatory Authorities (EASRA), is seeking to create a harmonized licensing framework for the region for brokers and dealers, and has also approved draft regulations on book-building for adoption by its members. The draft book-building regulations are to be shared with stakeholders in the member States and their views will be brought to the next EASRA meeting.
Book-building is a process of determining the price at which an initial public offering will be offered. The book is filled with the prices that investors indicate they are willing to pay per share, and when the book is closed, the issue price is determined by an underwriter by analyzing these values.
According to news reports, Joseph Katto, chairman EASRA and CEO of Capital Markets Authority – Uganda, said that book-building can be an effective mechanism for price discovery and demand assessment if regulations are clear and enshrine transparency, The draft regulations would ensure a level playing field for various investor categories.
EASRA also approved a proposal to establish a harmonized licensing requirement framework for stock-brokers and dealers. The proposed framework will guide the drafting of harmonized regulations for licensing within the region.
The decisions were taken during the 37th Consultative meeting held in Kampala, Uganda on 5 April.
EASRA members are also seeking ways to facilitate joint inspection programmes and investigations where two or more member states agree. This would boost cross-border surveillance for market participants who operate across the region..
The meeting was chaired by Katto and was attended by Mrs Nasama Massinda (CEO, Capital Markets and Securities Authority Tanzania), Paul Muthaura (CMA-Kenya), Robert Mathu (CEO CMA-Rwanda), Joseph Bahizi (Representative of Central Bank of Burundi), members of the EASRA technical committees and other Committee members.
EASRA was set up in terms of a memorandum of understanding between the CMAs of Kenya and Uganda, and CMSA Tanzania. They adopted a common blue print on the integration of the East African Capital Markets in 1997. CMA Rwanda later joined and Central Bank of Burundi in 2011.
November 8th, 2012 by Tom Minney
CORRECTION AND UPDATE – APOLOGIES FOR ERRORS IN PREVIOUS VERSION
The Initial Public Offer by power company Umeme (www.umeme.co.ug) in Uganda closed on 7 November. Results will be known before the listing scheduled for 30 November, but the company had sought to raise UGX171 billion ($65.8 million) by offering 622m shares in an offer that opened on 15 October. Meanwhile, Ugandan parliamentarians have called for a statement by the Finance Minister Maria Kiwanuka, according to a press report on the Observer website, with inquiries into tax and accounting for assets. Some MPs are calling for the listing to be delayed for fuller study of an energy sector report.
As the offer was closing, a report in The Independent cited corporate advisor William Nyakatura of African Alliance Brokers, said there has been a big turn up of applications from around the region. Umeme Managing Director Charles Chapman said that the portion of the IPO reserved for international share investors was sold up by the end of October, and where the company collected US$31million: “In the retail category, we received strong participation from the rural areas and Kampala and other urban areas.” Chapman also said that the offer has received significant participation from the regional market, especially Kenya, where the offer is made to institutional investors. Stanbic Bank and African Alliance were sponsors.
Ugandan investors had been offered the Eyongeza incentive scheme offering a bonus share for every 10 shares they bought, and all customers of the distribution firm were invited to buy. A day before closing it was announced that the International Finance Corporation, a part of the World Bank group, would also buy shares in the IPO. The IFC first mentioned funding Umeme in 2009 on its website. Umeme staff have been given 10,000 shares each as a morale booster, according to local reports, with increases if they keep their shares for 3 years.
Umeme was 100% owned by private equity firm Actis since 2009 and is a regulated electricity distribution company in Uganda, supplying over 460,000 customers by the end of 2011, up from nearly 355,000 in 2009, according to our earlier story. They are mainly located in the semi-urban strip from Entebbe through Kampala to Jinja. In March 2005, Umeme was awarded a 20-year concession to manage and operate the assets of Uganda Electricity Distribution Company (UEDCL) as part of broader privatization of power in Uganda, including unbundling transmission, distribution and generation, and awarding concessions to operate existing generation plant. This article on The Observer website (www.observer.ug) gives background on some of the individuals and companies involved in the power sector in Uganda.
According to the Actis website: “Since Actis took over the ownership of Umeme following a privatisation process in 2005, the company went through a transformation phase, ramping up capital expenditure, improving the quality of management, formalising procedures, introducing a culture of safety throughout the organisation, and educating the population (mainly children) on the benefits and risks of electricity. By the end of 2010, Umeme had replaced over 120,000 rotten poles as part of its refurbishment programme. Safety is the top priority. The network restoration plans are on target and are due for completion by the end of 2012. Public, employee and contractor safety have improved, but public fatalities continue to occur, primarily because people come into contact with live conductors associated with pockets of the network yet to be refurbished. Umeme, guided by Actis, continues to make a significant effort to eradicate fatalities associated with its network. Much of this progress relies on an extensive school education programme, a 24-hour safety helpline, and the prompt response of the field teams on the ground – in the past it could take up to half a day to make the area around a fallen or unstable pole safe – now the average is 30 minutes. Uganda’s continued growth is pushing up demand for electricity: today approximately 7% of the population has access to electricity. And the proportion of population that has access is growing by 9% per year. Currently, the company connects more than 40,000 new customers every year.”
July 12th, 2012 by Tom Minney
Uganda’s only power distributor, Umeme, said it plans to raise capital to invest in Uganda’s electricity sector through an initial public offering (IPO) on the Ugandan and Nairobi securities exchanges later in 2012. Umeme is a distribution company and is 100% owned by private equity firm Actis, according to this report on Reuters.
The news came on 6 July at the switching of 5 turbines to add 50MW to the power grid as part of the $860 million Bujagali 250MW hydropower project, one of Africa’s largest power schemes. Umeme has a 20-year electricity distribution concession. Managing director Charles Chapman says the company has opted for the IPO as electricity is now available – Uganda had been suffering power cuts before Bujagali capacity was added – and there was agreement on regulatory targets.
The company would not say how much it hopes to raise and has not finalized plans for the IPO, but Reuters suggests it could be 20% of the shares. The report quotes Chapman: “The initial public offering (IPO) will support Umeme’s capital raising initiatives to finance the continued development of the electricity distribution network, including projects such as prepayment metering and energy loss reduction. We believe that Umeme will be stronger, more transparent and accountable with the input of our customers and employees as shareholders.”
He adds that customers are up to about 460,000 in 2011 from 354,839 in 2009. After power sector unbundling, power in Uganda is generated by the Uganda Electricity Generation Company and transmitted to Umeme by the Uganda Electricity Transmission Company.
According to this blog story, Umeme has already put in its application to the Capital Markets Authority in Uganda and has appointed Stanbic Bank (Uganda) as Transaction Advisor and African Alliance (Uganda) as Sponsoring Broker. Writer Angelo Izama comments: “The company is a safe investment given its monopoly and demand from customers. Many who worry about the risks it faces will look to political risk something to which we will return. Suffice to say that a great degree of the risk will likely be offset when the company lists given the divesting of its ownership to locals.”
January 10th, 2012 by Tom Minney
The JSE Ltd (www.jse.co.za), South Africa’s securities exchange, is hoping to attract more listings from the rest of Africa in 2012 and to expand its range of products and services. This year should also see the JSE installing its equity trading system in Johannesburg, to avoid dependence on a transatlantic cable connecting it to the London Stock Exchange.
Nicky Newton-King, who took up her post as CEO last week after succeeding Russell Loubser and the first woman to hold the post, told Business Day newspaper the plan was to offer more access to African companies and products such as exchange-traded funds products that enable people to access new investments: “With the rules of inward listing being relaxed, we would also like to attract more inward listings.” Besides IPOs, Newton-King said she expected to see more types of products, such as depository receipts and derivatives linked to companies being offered.
The JSE is in “good conversation” with several companies elsewhere in Africa over more potential listings. Last November she told Reuters: “We’ve got good conversations going … particularly on the continent.” She said the bourse is targeting mining, telecommunications and financial services: “Our approach is to look at issuers that need capital — need investors where their home markets might be too small. So we’ve got a lot of different segments we are looking at, but we are looking at particular issuers rather than trying to speak to everyone.”
The JSE already has 14 African companies listed, with 4 different debt instruments and 1 African ETF. Last year Reuters highlighted that some growing African firms preferred other international exchanges, particularly the London Stock Exchange and its AIM market, over the JSE for raising capital and listings, as highlighted in stories on this website. The JSE seeks closer cooperation with other African exchanges as it competes with other world bourses: “Clearly we need to be trying to find a way to cooperate with African exchanges, with African issuers to bring more African product to the table here in SA, where we have a lot of international investors everyday.”
The JSE attracted a total of 16 listings last year, with a combined market capitalisation of more than R35 billion (US$4.3bn), according to data from the JSE’s director of issuer services, John Burke. There were also a number of initial public offerings from the property sector. About 15 companies de-listed last year and 21 were on the suspended list. The number of new IPOs worldwide is lower since the start of the global financial crisis. Newton-King said there is a pipeline for potential listings in 2012: “Definitely there’s a pipeline, there’s always a pipeline. We never talk about the number since how many companies actually list and when they list is very much dependent on the economic circumstances of the country and whether the companies themselves are ready to list.
“We are looking forward to being able to attract a wider range of companies and investment opportunities on the JSE.”
The plan is still to use the same computer provider, Sri Lanka’s Millennium IT which is a subsidiary of the LSE. In terms of a February 2011 press release, the JSE is to migrate to a new system Millennium Exchange™, which the LSE has also adopted, in the first half of 2012. Millennium IT systems are used on many African stock exchanges.
Newton-King told Business Day she hoped this will minimise the outages experienced last year, which were linked to technical issues on the transatlantic cable. The JSE halted trading on its equity markets at least twice last year, which led to the exchange attracting criticism from trading houses, which often spoke anonymously to the media.
She said: “We are critically dependent on information technology (IT) and invest heavily in IT to ensure it is robust and able to handle increased volumes as the JSE grows. Our equity systems are run in London and there’s been some trading outages in the lines between us and London…. We are bringing the systems back to avoid that. We will continue to look at whether our technology is robust enough to withstand volumes.”
She did not give much information on rumours that the JSE is talking with SA Treasury on starting a trading market for carbon credits but said the JSE was looking at the possibility and how it would work with others.
Of the type of environment that she envisions at the JSE, Ms Newton-King says: “In 2012 I would like the JSE to be recognised as a place of excellence, a place where SA’s top talent would come and work, where our clients recognise that we provide products and services that are valuable to them.”
Her former post as deputy CEO no longer exists and duties that fell to her are being given to other people so that they can also grow.
January 4th, 2012 by Tom Minney
Although the number of investors from other East African countries opening trading accounts at Kenya’s Nairobi Stock Exchange (www.nse.co.ke) is still very small, it is growing more consistently in the last 2 years than other categories of investors. According to data to 30 Sept released by Kenya’s Capital Market Authority (www.cma.or.ke), East African individual investors opened 97 securities accounts at Kenya’s Central Depository and Settlement Corporation (www.cdsckenya.com). This compares to 92 accounts opened in the full year 2010 and 79 in 2009.
By comparison Kenyan individual investors only opened 27,669 accounts in the 9 months to September 2011, compared to 120,756 accounts opened in 2010 and 52,836 in 2009. Kenyan equity trading has remained subdued as investors say high interest rates make them choose government debt securities over equities.
One potential reason for the East African interest, according to an article in the East African , is that Ugandans are opening trading accounts at the NSE in anticipation of the IPO of electricity distributor Umeme (www.umeme.co.ug) scheduled for 2012. Umeme is expected to cross-list at the NSE and the Ugandan Securities Exchange (www.use.or.ug). Some investors open multiple accounts ahead of a potentially “hot” initial public offering (IPO) of shares, where they hope to sell their initial allocation quickly and make a quick profit, as this is likely to maximise their share of allocation if the IPO is oversubscribed.
Trading experience shows that cross-listed East African shares such as Centum, Kenya Airways, Jubilee Insurance, trade more on the NSE compared with the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange (www.dse.co.tz) and USE. The increased liquidity in Nairobi means that East Africans are better off having a trading account at the NSE. The paper comments that Rwandans, Tanzanians and Ugandans are probably realising this fact and also taking positions ahead of the listing of some of their firms on the NSE by opening more CDS accounts in Nairobi: “Investors will go the extra mile to open and operate, as proxies, CDS accounts in the names of their relatives or friends who know nothing on trading in shares. Expect an influx of Rwandese, Tanzanians and Ugandans at the NSE in 2012.”
October 28th, 2011 by Tom Minney
Mark Mobius, the veteran emerging markets investor and head of Templeton Emerging Markets (www.franklintempleton.com), is bullish about the Nairobi Securities Exchange (www.nse.co.ke), although it is the worst-performing stock market in sub-Saharan Africa this year, according to an article on 27 October in the UK’s Financial Times.
According to the article, by Katrina Manson: “A long-term investor, Mr Mobius makes his money from yo-yoing frontier markets. Kenya’s has see-sawed between losses of 41.4% after post-election violence in 2008 to best sub-Saharan performer excluding South Africa last year, with a rise of 28.3%. Domestic investors tend to have both less money and less time to play with.” She also cites Aly-Khan Satchu, chief executive of Rich Management (www.rich.co.ke), a Kenyan financial services firm as saying the 2011 collapse is a “rout”. Domestic confidence is low, including among many of the 800,000 people who invested into Safaricom’s 532% subscribed IPO (KSh5 in the 2008 IPO, KSh3.05 at present).
Kenya has seen currency weakness, foreign capital flight, high inflation (it was 17% in September) and drought. The NSE has seen big cuts in volumes and much less participation by foreigners, who used to dominate trading, partly because of a global flight from risky assets. Share price indices have slid, losing the strong gains of 2010. Local investors see better gains from bonds, real estate and family firms.
The IPO of British American Investment Company Kenya only achieved 60% of its target (as reported on this website) and Kenya Airways seems to be holding back a share offer in which it wanted to raise $250 million for expansion. According to the article, Satchu said: “You can’t be issuing IPOs that flunk at the first hurdle. There has not been a successful IPO since Safaricom and that has impaired the stock market. They need a flagship discounted offer and will languish until they do it. Right now, the government couldn’t raise tuppence.”
The also article quotes Stella Kilonzo, head of the Capital Markets Authority (www.cma.or.ke), as blaming the stressed economy. She says there have been 3 years of reforms to boost disclosure and set more stringent requirements and these will eventually pay off. This year the NSE was renamed a “securities” rather than “stock” exchange in anticipation of a new bond index, futures and derivatives trading, exchange-traded funds and a new small and medium sized business index among others. If these come into operation, diversification could help the market.
There is still a cloud over the bourse from a scandal after stockbroking firms collapsed owing their clients money, some after allegedly trading their clients’ money illegally. No-one has yet gone to prison although court cases continue, and not everyone has been compensated, partly because the compensation fund does not have enough resources. Ms Kilonzo says regulation is now tighter.
Reportedly, a court case against the CMA by a collapsed brokerage firm that has been under statutory management since 2007 last month halted a plan to demutualize the NSE, including selling part of it and listing its shares on the Nairobi bourse. According to some analysts, demutualisation could help clean up the market by separating stockbrokers from the exchange’s owners.
Sentiment may be changing, after the Central Bank of Kenya (www.centralbank.go.ke) moved aggressively to push up interest rates by 4 percentage points this month, which may stabilize the currency and bring back investors. Good rains and strong investment in infrastructure could fund growth in 2012, although worries remain about elections.
Manson quotes Mobius: “People are fearful of coming in, so whoever goes there makes a bundle. We may go and buy more at a cheaper price.” The Frontier Markets Fund is invested in Kenya Airways and Safaricom.
October 6th, 2011 by Tom Minney
The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of 58,841,750 shares at TSh 475 (US$ 28 cents) each in Tanzania’s Precision Air Services is set to start on 7 October and continue to 28 October. The results are to be announced on 11 November and the company expects to list and start trading on the Dar Es Salaam Stock Exchange www.dse.co.tz from 8 December. The minimum application is for 200 shares.
The airline aims to raise TSh27.9 billion (US$16.7m) to finance expansion, with most dedicated to capital spending and 6.5% for working capital. The IPO represents 30% of the company’s shares. Chairman Michael Shirima was quoted in local newspaper, The Citizen, as saying the offer price was discounted by 11% from the expert valuation.
The company prospectus was to be available on the Precision Air website (www.precisionairtz.com) from 4 October, although we cannot find it, and printed copies are also to be available from all stock brokers by today, 6 October.
At a press briefing, Shirima invited the government, individuals and public institutions to contact registered stock brokers and some banks for the application forms, noting that people might buy the shares in any CRDB Bank branch or Stanbic Bank branches across the country. He told: “It should not be surprising if the government buys shares and has partial ownership of the company. Precision Air is a Tanzanian airline and 51% of the shares should be owned by the locals.”
Kenya Airways currently owns 49% of the company. Precision Air is looking at new routes to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Angola. During the briefing, Precision Air CEO Alfonse Kioko said talks with Angolan authorities were in final stages and they may start the route early in 2012: “The fleet expansion plan includes the increase of the number of aircraft and launching of new routes.” The airline was launched in 1993.
August 25th, 2011 by Tom Minney
Kenya’s financial services holding company British-American Investments Company Ltd.(www.british-american.co.ke) issued a statement on 23 August outlining that its initial public offering (IPO) had only attracted 60.09% of the targeted KSh5.85 billion ($63million). The company owns 2 insurance firms and an asset manager and said it will reconsider its plans, which had included real estate and regional expansion, including in South Sudan.
The listing was previously detailed on this site here.
The company successful raised KSh3.5bn by selling 390.6m shares at KSh9.00 each. It meets the minimum 50% requirement in its prospectus to go ahead and with 28,000 shareholders is permitted to list on the Nairobi Stock Exchange main board. The shares are due to start trading on the Nairobi bourse on September 2.
According to stockbroking analysts, foreigners were largely absent due to risk aversion and worries about the Kenyan economy. Reuters quotes George Bodo, a research analyst at ApexAfrica. “The timing of the IPO came … when the global markets were risk averse and foreign investors were cutting risky positions internationally.” International problems include the US economy and the eurozone debt crisis. “It was unfortunate that the US debt crisis escalated right in the middle of the offer period, causing loss of appetite amongst institutional investors especially those outside Kenya,” said Group chairman Nicholas Ashford- Hodges, according to a report in “Business Daily” newspaper.
Foreign investors normally account for 70% of action on the NSE, but Reuters says they are less active and this has been made worse as the Kenyan currency declines against world currencies.
Local retail investors recorded the highest participation, taking up 70.9% including a 142% oversubscription of the 195m shares offered to them; qualified institutional investors hung back and took up 23.7%, just over a third of their 240.5m shares allocation; employees, agents and individual life policyholders snapped up 5.2% and foreign investors were almost absent, taking up only 0.3% of the offer, less than 1% of the 195mn shares reserved for them.
Analysts said the poor macroeconomic environment in Kenya did not augur well and inflation in Kenya hit 15.53% in July, driven by food and fuel prices. Rising interest rates have dissuaded many investors from seeking funds from banks to invest in shares and banks were also not willing to take shares as collateral. Gregory Waweru, an analyst at Kestrel Capital, was reported as saying: “There was competition for funds due to tight liquidity in the market.” Many investors have not yet realized substantail returns from East Africa’s biggest IPO which was Safaricom’s listing in 2008.
British American had planned to spend KSh2.5bn on property development and group managing director Benson Wairegi said in a statement: “The property development initiative where the bulk of the funds were targeted will be reviewed with a view to scaling it down.”
The company was also to set aside KSh1bn for regional expansion and KSh1.28 bn to expand its Kenyan operations, including the asset management business and to launch new funds for Kenyans in the diaspora as well as local and international investors and to comply with a proposed law for real estate investment trusts.
Mr Wairegi said the company may consider using bank loans to finance other planned projects: “The group has no other gearing despite the very strong balance sheet, which has become even stronger with the raising of KSh3.5bn. We shall, therefore, be able to easily leverage to implement all the profitable projects that have been lined up,” according to a report in “Business Daily”.
British American launched a Ugandan subsidiary in July and at the time the chairman said next stop would be to open offices in Rwanda, Tanzania and South Sudan.
August 25th, 2011 by Tom Minney
Morocco’s Casablanca Stock Exchange (www.casablanca-bourse.com) is offering grants to small and medium enterprises to encourage them to raise capital. It is offering up to 500,000 MAD (approximately $63,740 at current exchange rate for Moroccan Dirhams) from 1 July 2011 to 31 December 2012. According to an announcement on the bourse’s website, the offer is because of important role played by SMEs in the development of the Moroccan economy.
The grant is given under certain conditions and the SME must be listed on the stock exchange’s Growth or Development boards and have equity of less than 50 million MAD. It also needs to issue at least 20% of its capital and to use the IPO to raise capital. Normally the cost of an IPO is 2.2%-5% of the capital raised and the stock exchange says this can be a barrier to raising more capital.
First listing for 2011
STROC Industrie S.A. (www.stroc.com) on 30 June became the first new listing on the Casablanca Stock Exchange in 2011. The company had planned to offer 288,515 extra shares at MAD357.00 each, raising a total of MAD 102,999,855 ($13 mn), with the offer dates from 20-22 June. However the offer attracted 7,229 bids for a total of 2,515,369 shares, 8.7 times oversubscribed, and was closed on 21 June.
STROC joins the “Engineering and Industrial Equipment” sector. Société de Travaux de Réalisations d’Ouvrages et de Construction Industrielle was founded in 1989. Al Istimrar Holdings has 57.7% of the shares and Nabil Ziatt a further 14.6% while the free float on the stock exchange is 23.1%. The company said it chose to raise capital for its development through the capital market as part of its strategy to be open and transparent to its customers and the financial community. It will use the capital to expand its plant and equipment and build a new headquarters.
August 25th, 2011 by Tom Minney
Tunisia’s stock exchange, the Bourse des Valeurs Mobilières de Tunis (www.bvmt.com.tn), aims to play its role in faster economic growth in coming years. On 9 July, Mr. Mohamed fadhel Abdelkefi, President of the BVMT’s management committee, announced a 5-point development strategy for 2011-2013. This will include:
1. Develop the financial market culture and awareness through media and education outreach campaigns and open days
2. Deepen the capital market by making more companies eligible to list
3. Further develop the bond market including possibly a secondary mortgage market
4. Improve the IT platforms, including a new electronic trading and information platform in 2012
5. Develop BVMT staff and human resources through additional training programmes.
There are 58 companies listed for trading. According to CEO Mohamed Bichiou foreign participation makes up about 20% of the market capitalization, which was TND 13.2 billion ($9.6bn) on 30 June. At its 2011 peak on 7 January the TUNINDEX was at 5,217.41, before crashing 23% to a low of 4,033.43 on 25 February after the stock exchange closed during the revolution. It then gained, slipped back to 4,077.05 on 26 May but has since been climbing well and closed at 4,476.94 on 24 August, up 9.8% in 3 months. The construction and building materials index has been the best performing followed by industrial and basic materials companies, while banks have been the worse performing (many investors expected them to take hits on loans to people linked to the former regime of President Ben Ali), followed by insurers.
The first listing of 2011 was technology company Telnet Holding on 23 May at the new BVMT headquarters. The IPO for 2,070,000 shares at TND5.80 each had closed after attracting 3,950 applicants and being 3.2 times oversubscribed. The share started trading at 6.37 and closed on 24 Aug at 9.70. The BVMT is seeking to encourage more listings. During 2010 there were 5 listings, partly encouraged by the reintroduction of tax incentives for companies which list more than 30% of their capital before 2014 to benefit from a 5-year reduction in corporate tax rates, from 30-35% (depending on the sector) to 20%. They included Carthage Cement, one of the most active stocks this year, which raised TNB134.9mn ($98.7mn), and automobile distributor Ennakl which raised TND128.4mn ($93.7mn) as well as insurance company Assurances Salim, reinsurer Tunis Re and Modern Leasing.
Recently the World Bank, African Development Bank, European Union, and Agence Francaise de Développement said they would finance a programme of reforms covering administration, the financial sector, and social services. The World Bank has reportedly offered to lend $500mn for this. Tunisia is in a recession after 2 quarters of GDP shrinkage, including 3.3% in the first quarter. In June the World Bank said it expects GDP growth of 1.5% for 2011, and said Tunisian industrial output was down by more than 15% in the first part of 2011, while foreign tourists’ arrivals fell 45% in the first quarter of the year. The bank says “the pace of economic activity should pick up in Tunisia in 2012” although no rate was given and would be around 5% in 2013.Creating jobs is a key challenge.