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Africa IPO round-up

A roundup of some recent initial public offers (IPOs) of shares on Africa’s stock exchanges to raise capital

In early October, MTN launched plans to sell up to 35% of shares on the Ghana Stock Exchange. Ghana’s Securities and Exchange Commission Director General Adu Anane Antwi confirmed they had started the listing process and were working on the prospectus but no timeline had been given. According to local reports, MTN received its 15-year 4G licence in 2015 after spending $67.5m and on condition that it lists. It hopes to raise up to $500m.
MTN Nigeria is also working on plans for an initial public offer (IPO) of shares on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in 2017 which could raise up to $1bn. Nigeria is among several African governments encouraging telcos to list on local bourses and listing is among conditions to settle a record NGN330bn ($1.1bn) fine for failing to disconnect 5.1m unregistered subscribers. Nigeria contributes a third of sales and profit for the Africa’s biggest phone company, which is listed in Johannesburg with market capitalization of ZAR212.8bn ($15.3bn) in early October.
Listings and capital-raising momentum has been maintained on the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Deacons Kenya is the first listed fashion retailer, after joining the Alternative Investment Market Segment (AIMS) of the NSE on 2 August. CEO Muchiri Wahome said the extra funds were to fund expansion into towns with “a vibrant middle class” across Kenya, spurred Kenya’s rapid and ambitious devolution and setting up 47 counties under its 2010 Constitution. Deacons is also eyeing opportunities in neighbouring Rwanda and Uganda. It will also help existing shareholders who want to sell. The retailer listed about 123m shares at an opening price of KES15 ($0.15) each, but by early October the price had slumped to KES8.55.

 

Nairobi centre (credit www.kenya-advisor.com)

Nairobi centre (credit www.kenya-advisor.com)

In June, leather and shoe retailer Nairobi Business Ventures, which operates the brand KShoe, had become the fifth listing on the NSE’s Growth and Enterprise Market Segment aimed at smaller businesses. It was listed through introduction and valued at KES118m ($1.2m). Previous 2016 share issues included Longhorn Publishers in May. In June power generator Kengen succeeded in the Kenyan bourse’s largest rights issue, raising KES26.4bn ($262.1m) by offering 4.4bn new shares at KES6.55 each, with a 92% subscription rate. Kengen has projects to generate another 700MW of power, of which 605MW is geothermal.
However, Fusion Capital had to cancel its IPO despite extending twice after only getting 38% uptake and four investors for its KES2.3bn offering and failing to meet the minimum threshold.
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange had its second private equity listing. Universal Partners raised R1.3bn ($93.7m) in an IPO which was only open for 4-5 August and started trading on the Alt-X market on 11 August. The company was registered in Mauritius in April and also listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius. Its mandate is to invest in properties across Europe, at £10m-£30m ($12m-$37m) each and it aims to start investing within six months. The IPO was for 72m shares at R18.07 each. Several companies aiming to raise capital for African and international investments have dual-listing on the Mauritius and Johannesburg exchanges.
Liberty Holdings is likely to follow up its Kenyan IPO success with a South African Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) called Liberty Two Degrees in December. This will include some ZAR6bn of its existing portfolio, including iconic malls around Gauteng, and ZAR4bn of new money. As in Kenya, the property investments are managed by Stanlib.
West Africa’s integrated regional stock exchange, Bourse Regionale des Valeurs Mobilieres (BRVM), based in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, plans to build a platform for listing mining shares and raising capital locally. The exchange is talking with Canada’s Toronto Stock Exchange (TMX Group), a favourite bourse for early-stage mining entrepreneurs. BRVM General Manager Edoh Kossi Amenounve says it could open by 2018 and will be for companies exploring or operating mines in the region. There is likely to be a waiver to the usual requirement for 2 years of trading history. The BRVM links eight West African countries, including gold exporters Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, and fourth-largest uranium producer, Niger.
Egypt’s Minister of Investment Dalia Korshid says the Government aims to raise up to $10bn over the next three to five years with IPOs of government-owned companies in the oil sector but will start with restructuring state-owned electricity companies.

Nairobi Securities Exchange plans to offer 38% of shares in June IPO

nairobisecuritiesexchange_NSE21

The Nairobi Securities Exchange (www.nse.co.ke) is pushing ahead fast with its demutualization plans and will sell up to a 38% stake in an initial public offering (IPO) in June. According to a report on Reuters, NSE chief executive Peter Mwangi said the NSE will offer up to 81 million shares, subject to regulatory approval.
The offer price will be set by the IPO advisors closer to the offer date. The bourse will use the funds for new products and enhance transparency.
Reuters quoted Mwangi saying: “We want to list through an IPO on the main market. We need to open this listing before 30 June. That conversion from a private to a public company will position us to be a very effective player.”
“We are playing in a sweet spot where the frontier funds think Africa is rising. East Africa is a hot spot on the African map and we are the gateway into that east African region.”

Soaring profits, new products
The NSE’s pretax profit more than doubled to KES 379m shillings last year from 2012. It has been lifted by a surge in trading turnover after the 4 Mar 2013 presidential election went peacefully. The dynamic Nairobi exchange is a mutual company owned by its stockbrokers, and demutualization is the process converting into a private for-profit company, as reported on this blog. The ordinary shares have a nominal (par) value of KES 4 shillings ($0.05) each.
Kenya’s Capital Markets Authority is reviewing the exchange’s advanced plans to offer currency and interest-rates futures and options. The NSE futures market will offer standardized contracts for currency futures that will be traded. Mwangi said: “We are seeing more and more international investors who might want to invest in Kenya and they might want to hedge the currency risk.” Local banks offer foreign-exchange forward contracts, which are negotiated directly with buyers, but they cannot be traded.
Mwangi added that part of the funds raised in the IPO will be used to bankroll new products such as derivatives, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and Sharia-compliant indexes. The NSE has already led the way with a number of FTSE-branded index products and is working with the CMA and CDSC to introduce a real estate investment trust (REIT) market in Kenya and trading platform and a futures and commodities exchange.

Diversifying income
The 60-year-old Nairobi stock exchange has been diversifying through new sources of revenue including sales of publications, provision of services through the Broker Back Office (BBO) and data-vending. It bought a prime commercial property in Nairobi’s Westlands area to tap into rental income, according to a report in Standard Digital.
The region is enjoying many benefits from increasing regional integration under the East African Community (EAC). The Nairobi bourse is a key player in the East African Securities Exchange Association (EASEA), which aims to standardize regulations and operations within the region to make cross-border investing easier. Members are the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange (DSE), the Rwanda Stock Exchange (RSE), the Uganda Securities Exchange (USE), and the Central Depository and Settlement Corporation (CDSC). It also has a memorandum of understanding with the Somalia Stock Exchange Investment Corporation (SSE) under which it will have primary responsibility for the technical development of the Somalia Stock Exchange including identifying the most suitable partners and expertise.
Regional integration has also boosted expansion among listed firms and investor confidence after the discovery large quantities of gas and oil across several east African countries. There are many cross listing between the exchanges.
Mwangi said they wanted to attract more listings on the NSE’s Growth Enterprise Market (GEMS) which is aimed at small firms wishing to list their shares. There is only one listing, property developer Home Afrika so far. The NSE hopes to attract more listings through easier listing terms such as allowing business owners to offer a minimum of 15% if the shares in the market. Mwangi told family business owners who may be reluctant to lose control: “With 85% you have effective control of your company but you enjoy all the advantages of being listed. We are in a sense offering the best of both worlds.”
The NSE is a key member of the African Securities Exchanges Association and an affiliate member of the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) and intends to become a full member.

Nairobi Securities Exchange launches growth board for SMEs

This week the Nairobi Securities Exchange (www.nse.co.ke) has joined the rush into providing boards for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the launch on 22 January of the Growth Enterprise Market Segment (GEMS).
GEMS is designed to offer a regulatory and trading environment to meet the need of SMEs. The aim is that they can raise good amounts of initial and ongoing capital. They should also be able to boost their profile and enjoy more liquidity in their shares.
Chairman of NSE Eddy Njoroge said in a NSE press release: “The establishment of a GEMS market in Kenya will pave way for the listing of small and medium-sized enterprises on the exchange, which is a major driver of our country’s economy.” He also thanked the regulator for “showing commitment and support” in establishing GEMS. CEO Peter Mwangi added that the establishment of this market will become a fundamental contributor to the stability of Kenya’s overall financial system.
Kenya has a good community of experienced advisers to support companies who wish to list. The key intermediaries are the Nominated Advisors (NOMADs), who will assist companies to list on GEMS and to comply with good corporate governance and global best practices. Other professionals with background on GEMS include brokers, accountants and lawyers.
The NSE plans to offer a directors’ course on corporate governance to the directors of the “mid cap.” Companies, meaning those with middle ranges of market capitalization.
The NSE believes that SMEs are a key sector for achieving Kenya’s Vision 2030 and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Commenting during the launch,.
Eligibility criteria for companies wishing to list include: Being a registered public company; minimum fully paid-up capital of KES 10 million ($114,400); at least 100,000 shares in issue and free transferability of shares; adequate working capital and solvency; track record of operations for at least a year but no profitability record needed; 5 directors, of which a third should be non-executive; directors with no bankruptcy, fraud, criminal offence or financial misconduct proceedings for 2 years; competent board and senior management – at least 1 year experience in the business; A third of the board members must have completed Directors Induction Programme and the rest have to complete it within 6 months of listing; all issued shares to be immobilized; 15% of the shares must be available for trading & held by at least 25 independent shareholders within 3 months of listing; Controlling shareholders lock in for 24 months; NOMAD appointed by written contract.
The NSE is Kenya’s main securities exchange, offering listing and trading in equities and debt.

Egypt’s Nilex exchange for SMEs adds 23rd listing

The Egyptian Exchange (EGX –www.egx.com.eg) has approved the listing of the 23rd company on Nilex (the Nile Exchange – www.nilex.com.eg), the EGX market for growing medium and small companies. A meeting of the listing committee on 17 January approved to list the shares of Al Fanar Contracting Construction Trade Import And Export Co, which has 8 million shares, at a par value of EGP1.00 (USD0.15) each, according to the Nilex news feed. The shares were due to be added to the database with effect from 20 January but were not to be traded until the company and its Nominated Advisor comply with listings requirements.
Listing standards set by the Egyptian Financial Supervisory Authority (www.efsa.gov.eg) require a disclosure report and an approved study on the fair value of the company’s shares. The company has 6 months to meet other conditions set by EFSA (Board of Directors decree no 81 of 17 Oct 2011) or its listing “should be considered as if it never took place”.
For instance, also on 17 Jan the Listing Committee decided that the listing of the shares of National Investment and Reconstruction (Nirco) shall be terminated and it should be considered never to have been listed and it was removed from the EGX database effective 20 Jan 2013.
The previous Nilex listing was International Company for Medical Industries (ICMI), approved on 30 Dec and listed on the database from 31 Dec, with a share capital of EGP4m ($604,000) at par value. Trading would wait for the requirements to be complied with. The Egyptian Modern Education Systems (MOED) was approved on 12 Dec and added to the database on 16 Dec.
Companies wishing to list on the Nilex must work with a Nominated Advisor and new rules and requirements have been issued. There are 35 approved nominated advisors listed here. According to the Nominated Advisor requirements, the Nominated Advisor acts as coordinator between issuer and the exchange, advises and helps the company on all responsibilities during the application process and after listing, helps the company fulfill ongoing disclosure obligations, informs the regulators of non-compliance, helps the company with its initial public offering, and must provide research coverage. These obligations last for 2 years from date of listing.
Nilex started trading on 3 Jun 2010 and the trading sessions were set from 11am-noon with an automatic close period from 11:50-noon. The initial listings were: El Badr Plastic; Masria Card; TN Holdings for Investment; Kato Agriculture Development Co.; Utopia Real Estate Investment and Tourism; Ameco Medical Industries; International Company for Fertilizers and Chemicals; Al Oroba Trading Mining and Supplying; Al Moasher for Programming and Information Dissemination and El-Barbary Investment Group (B.I.G) with trading suspended in the last 2 until they submitted the disclosure reports. All started trading at par value.
According to the latest market report (posted 21 Jan here but updating daily on this link), the most active company yesterday was Marseille Almasreia Alkhalegeya For Holding Investment with 34 trades totaling EGP141,061 ($21,300) in value, followed by Utopia with 24 trades totaling EGP111,398.

Good news for investors on London’s AIM mid-cap market

Fortunes improved for investors in companies on the London Stock Exchange’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) market, aimed at mid-capitalization or growth companies. Although the number of companies listed for trading on AIM has fallen every year since 2007, in 2012 the decline was only 4%, compared to a 16% decline in 2009 which was the fastest fall.
In addition, the reasons for companies leaving were mostly positive, according to a report on Reuters citing a report from Deloitte. Richard Thornhill, capital markets partner at Deloitte, is quoted as saying: “There are good reasons to be confident about the market in 2013.”
He said: “During the time of the financial crisis … the principal reasons why companies were leaving the list were negative. Either they no longer perceived that the market offered them value … or the economic climate forced them to de-list. The situation in 2012 has been very different, with the driving force behind companies leaving the list being transactions which have consistently realized value for shareholders.”
By the end of November 2012, 65 companies had been listed on AIM. Of these 44 had raised money and investors had seen an average gain of 26% since the listings. However, 113 companies had left AIM in the period, of which 41 were acquired, 17 were subject to reverse take-overs and 3 transferred to the LSE’s main market. Companies which were acquired received an average premium of 53% to the price at which the shares closed on the day before the acquisition, according to Reuters.

JSE growth board AltX scores 100th listing with Osiris

The 100th company listed on the AltX growth capital board of South Africa’s JSE Ltd securities exchange this week. According to spokesperson Nicole Cheyne: “More than R1.25-billion (USD151.9 million) has been raised via this market,” since AltX was launched in 2003.
The latest listing, on 20 August, is Bermuda-based Osiris Properties International. Osiris’ primary listing is on the Bermuda Stock Exchange. According to a press release from the JSE, it offers investors a high-yielding property investment by acquiring quality undervalued property assets predominantly in the UK and Europe. CEO Peter Todd said “Osiris Properties presents an attractive opportunity for South African investors. Our secondary listing on AltX further enhances the company’s ability to raise capital.”
This was the AltX’s third listing this year, and the weak global economy is blamed for drops in listings both on AltX and the JSE main board, but Cheyne said this is expected to improve. Of the 100 listings, 21 had successfully transferred to the JSE’s main board and 16 had delisted, leaving 63 companies currently listed on AltX. Industrials are the biggest segment by number of companies, but financials constitute 46% of the overall market capitalization of over R12.5-billion.
Also on Monday, financial services company Prescient Holdings listed on the JSE main board via a reverse listing into PBT Group (previously Prescient Business Technologies).

Source: JSE Ltd press release.